Stress and Coping among the Parents of Children with Congenital Heart Disease: A Hospital Based Study

A new baby is the beginning of wonders, hopes and dreams and becoming parents is one of life’s greatest blessings. A parent’s dream of giving birth to the perfect child but the birth of a child with congenital heart disease challenges those dreams. This forces families to deal with a crisis for which they may be completely unprepared. Discovering one’s child has a disability causes major stress, this can disrupt the total family functioning.

Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is now estimated to be the second most prevalent chronic illness may have effects that pervasive consequence for family life. Recently, focused on resiliency variables, especially support and coping strategy, regulating the impact of stress. In the resiliency model of family stress, adjustment and adaptation, social support is viewed as one of the primary mediators between stress and well-being.

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Bridging the Gap: A Novel Method for Hemorrhage Control

There are six important vital structures in the neck providing aerodigestive, nervous, endocrine, and circulatory functions and they are minimally protected by the skeletal system unlike other areas of the body. This lack of protection in the neck not only contributes to physician angst during treatment, but also to the high mortality and complication rate when injury occurs. Airway compromise and exsanguination are both very high priorities and the time required to deal with one can be to the detriment of the other. Rapidly controlling hemorrhage provides the time required to establish a definitive airway without further blood loss of an already depleted intravascular volume.

Method for Hemorrhage Control
Method for Hemorrhage Control

Delays in establishing definitive control of the airway can make the task of subsequent airway control difficult or impossible because of hematoma formation or injury/resuscitation induced edema leading to subsequent catastrophic airway obstruction. The Western Trauma Association (WTA) Critical Decisions in Trauma recommends direct manual pressure (DMP) be used as a first line response to penetrating neck injury. However, this approach has been associated with a low efficacy rate due to re-bleeding and exsanguination prior to reaching definitive operative care.

Intestinal Functional among Adolescents in Brazil

Intestinal evacuation is a complex sequence of events resulting from the integration of the autonomic and somatic nervous systems and culminating in the elimination of fecal matter contained in the descending colon and rectum. In turn, intestinal habitus is a personal characteristic varying considerably among individuals due to factors such as quality and quantity of ingested food and drink, convenience and a satisfied feeling of well-being, with no discomfort and without the sensation that evacuation was not sufficient.

Intestinal evacuation
Intestinal evacuation

Functional gastrointestinal changes are relatively common disorders in various age ranges and may progress to chronic problems with repercussions on quality of life that lead to anxiety, depression, sexual insatisfaction, incontinence, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and somatization of other problems. Important among these functional changes is functional constipation, which may reach a rate of up to 40% among children and adolescents and which is related to factors such as eating habits, socioeconomic level, and regional, racial and cultural differences.

The Socio-demographic Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Rural Women in Reproductive Age Group

India is the second most populous country in the world, contributing about 20% of births worldwide & having 1.21 billion people. With only 2.4% of world’s land area, India is supporting 17.56% of world’s population.India adds about 10 lakh persons to its population every fortnight and adds about one Australia every eight month. By 2045 or earlier, India would overtake China as the world’s most populous Nation.

Determinants of Contraceptive Use
Determinants of Contraceptive Use

India was the first country in the world to formulate the National Family Planning Programme in the year 1952 with the objective of ‘reducing the birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilize the population at a level consistent with requirement of national economy’.The extent of acceptance of contraceptive methods still varies within societies and also among different castes and religious groups. The factors responsible for such varied picture operate at the individual, family and community level with their root in the socioeconomic and cultural milieu of Indian society

Evaluation of Nurses’ Perceptions on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Education

One of the most common causes of death worldwide is sudden cardiac arrest. Including Europe, United States and Canada, each year 350,000-700,000 people are affected. In US, approximately 350,000 people annually experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, with mortality 92% and according to American Heart Association, 88% of them occur at home. It is well known that expeditious application of cardiopulmonary resuscitation is of major importance. Every time-delay after that has been accused for survival rates fall, with decrease 8-10% for every minute to pass. As a matter of fact, these situations strongly create the need for trained layman rescuers and a coordinated community response.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

healtSince recently, traditional resuscitation training that is classroombased was the only way to gain basic resuscitation skills. As for running a traditional resuscitation training program, there are basic problems to be solved. Apart from the equipment and teacher’sinstructors’ physical appearance, there have to be basic domestic facilities and planning of classroom working hours

Cardiovascular Diseases on Latin-American People

It has been estimated that mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are almost three times more frequent in undeveloped Latin- American (LA) countries that developed countries, and because there were not enough publish data regarding the difference in risk profile of the LA vs. non LA population, the investigators of the CRUCIAL Study planned a sub analysis that could compare the behavior of the proactive interventional strategy in Latin-American vs. Non Latin American countries, as well the differences in the risk profile of the Latin American subjects compare with the rest of the world population included in the study.

Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

It is also important to remember that the real worldwide behavior of the physicians was to treat Hypertension and Dyslipidemia as separate entities instead to treat cardiovascular risk. And hence The ASCOT Trial in the lipid lowering arm shown a clear benefit in relative risk reduction in mobility and mortality we pretend to address the question trough the design of the CRUCIAL Study to compare in real life the relative reduction in calculated Framingham coronary heart disease risk when a multiple risk factor intervention strategy, based on single-pill amlodipine besylate/atorvastatin calcium was compared with usual care strategy in patients with hypertension and > 3 additional cardiovascular risk factors and base line cholesterol < 6.5 mmol/L and no coronary heart disease.

Complementary Medicine and Venous Ulcers: Review of Literature

Complementary medicine refers to a group of diagnostic and therapeutic disciplines that exist largely outside the institutions in which conventional healthcare is taught and dispensed. In the 70s and 80s these disciplines were primarily paid in alterative conventional healthcare and thus became known collectively as ‘alternative medicine’. The name ‘complementary medicine’ has developed in the moment in which the two systems have begun to be used from one set to another, up to define the same disciplines group.

Complementary Medicine and Venous Ulcers
Complementary Medicine and Venous Ulcers

There are more than 300 types of approaches for the complementary medicine applications. A classification drawn up in 1999 by the National Institute of Health (NIH) provides for the following categories: food and nutrition, psycho-therapies (meditation, biofeedback, hypnosis), traditional therapies (Chinese medicine, indigenous healing methods), pharmacological or biological treatment (homeopathy), manual healing (massage, chiropractic, reflexology, reiki, shiatsu, therapeutic touch) and phytotherapy (herbal medicine, aromatherapy).