Medicinal plants show great interest today because of its multiple physiological effects. They contain a diversity of chemical compounds, phytochemicals, with demonstrated important biological activities. These compounds are produced by the secondary metabolism of plants, which have evolved from different biotic or abiotic factors, and used by the plant for defense or survival. However, multiple studies on these compounds have proven beneficial to human health.
Phytochemicals have multiple properties such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, which can be used as a preventive means to protect against the development of health problems. They may interact with molecules that can inhibit the genesis of this type of pathologies or conversely, interact with biomarkers that enhance the protective capabilities of the organism.