India is the second most populous country in the world, contributing about 20% of births worldwide & having 1.21 billion people. With only 2.4% of world’s land area, India is supporting 17.56% of world’s population.India adds about 10 lakh persons to its population every fortnight and adds about one Australia every eight month. By 2045 or earlier, India would overtake China as the world’s most populous Nation.
India was the first country in the world to formulate the National Family Planning Programme in the year 1952 with the objective of ‘reducing the birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilize the population at a level consistent with requirement of national economy’.The extent of acceptance of contraceptive methods still varies within societies and also among different castes and religious groups. The factors responsible for such varied picture operate at the individual, family and community level with their root in the socioeconomic and cultural milieu of Indian society