India, with 1.21 billion of population is the world’s second most populous country after China. An estimated 26 millions of children are born every year. It is alarming that with an absolute increase in population of about 181 million in the population during the census 2001 and 2011, there is a reduction of 5.05 million in the child population aged 0-6 years during the same period. According to 2011 census, the total number of children aged 0-6 years is 158.79 million which is reduced by 3.1 percent compared to the child population in 2001 census. According to the data available the share of children of the age group 0-6 years to the total population is 13.1 percent in 2011.
Children of today are tomorrow’s citizen, thus it is extremely important to ensure good health for children. Child health plays a vital role in the development of a country. The first six years of life constitutes the most crucial span in life. At this stage if life, the foundation are laid for mental, physical and social development.