Bureau of Justice Assistance, (2005) has informed the Intelligenceled policing (ILP) is a policing model that is built around the assessment and management of risk. Intelligence has been recognized as being important in policing practice. Most commonly, intelligence is seen as the information gleaned from various sources on the activities of known or suspected active criminals. Since the 1990s several security experts have caused the study of intelligence to be viewed as originating from the United Kingdom. Intelligence-led policing as a concept has gained much attention around the world in the past decade.
Although its conceptualization is similar in the various developing countries worldwide, its practice varies between countries and even within the countries. Intelligence officers serve as guide to operations, rather than operations guiding intelligence. It provides a context for conducting policing as “a business model and an information-organizing process that allows police agencies to better understand their crime problems and take measure of the resources available to be able to decide on an enforcement tactic or prevention strategy best designed to control crime”.