The name mycoplasma has been used as the general name for the class Mollicutes the smallest free-living microorganisms. In the urogenital tract, the relevant Mollicutes s are Mycoplasma genitalium and Mycoplasma hominis and two species of ureaplasmas-Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum . This article aims to give a short overview of associations and causative roles of aforementioned mycoplasmas with various obstetric complications. Brief summary is provided about recent trends in treatment.
Ureaplasmas and M. hominis are considered opportunistic pathogens because they can be isolated from the lower urogenital tract of healthy women as well as from individuals with disease.summarizes the prevalence of urogenital mycoplasmas as found by different researchers.then prevalence varies considerably from study to study. Prevalence of M. genitalium has been found to be between 0.3-1.2% .