In recent decades the society has modified its behavior, featuring a more sedentary lifestyle and less time spent for the rest. This fact is linked to technological development providing activities that were not previously performed, such as night work and leisure activities that minimize the sleep time (i.e., videogames, television, internet). The association between sleep debt and sedentary lifestyle favor the development of comorbidities such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
Some strategies have been listed to minimize the deleterious effects of sleep debt, such as improve food consumption, sleep hygiene, regular practice of physical exercise, among others. Notably, the exercise has gained prominence for being a low-cost activity, promoting numerous benefits and could be practiced by much of the population. Once the lack of time has been a justification for inactivity, it has been recently discussed the high intensity interval training (HIIT). This is an aerobic training method characterized by sprints of high intensity followed by brief periods of low intensity or even inactivity, able to promote the same benefits of traditional moderate continuous aerobic training, however with less expenditure of time for practice.