Natural products are valuable sources of structurally diverse chemical compounds. Many such compounds have been isolated from different part of sources and applied into clinical medical practice. Among the natural resources, fruits and vegetables have been widely studied for the discovery of antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidants, anti-inflammatory and others. Recently, underutilized fruits have drawn attention of many researchers as a natural source of treatment for curing various diseases. Moreover, antibacterial activities of extracts have been reported by many scientists.
Averrhoa bilimbi from Oxalidaceae family is an edible and underutilized fruits, native from South-East Asia and cultivated in some parts of India. Traditionally, the leaves are used as paste on itches, swelling, skin eruptions, cough, sites of poisonous, etc. The decoction of fruits is also treating inflammatory conditions including hepatitis, fever and diarrhea. In some villages in India, the fruit has been used in folk medicine to control obesity.