Patients in lower middle income countries like Pakistan are at high risk for ‘hospital acquired infections’. The main reason behind this problem is poor enactment and unhygienic conditions prevailed in the hospitals. The health care system in Pakistan is associated with several public, private and charitable organizations are working hard in getting rid of these obstacles. The country is subjected to a very high economic and psychological burden in the form of communicable and non-communicable diseases due to underreporting. The nation is also suffering from acute short of supplies such as beds, finances and doctors. Pakistan won’t afford to waste its limited resources on acquired hospital infections. The government’s recent policy states that there should be a waste management team and hospitals should be responsible for the proper disposal of waste.
Infection control and prevention measures are essential components of quality healthcare and patient safety in health facilities. Healthcare associated infections affect people worldwide and are a global issue for patient safety.Mortality and morbidity associated to health care related infection are very high. It is thought to occur in 10% of patients in the western countries and 25% of patients in resource limited countries due to unsafe infection control practices.