According to the Faculty of Public Health, obesity is “an excess of body fat frequently resulting in a significant impairment of health and longevity”. The global cause of obesity spread over worldwide rapidly because it is the major risk factor of metabolic diseases such as hyperlipidemia, hypertension, osteoarthritis, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes DM, arteriosclerosis, nutritional deficiency, obstructive sleep apnoea, musculoskeletal complications, cancer and obesity also related to imbalance in the glucose and lipid metabolism in Insulin resistance. Orthopaedic problems in children are also linked to obesity.
Obesity develops when energy gain from foodstuff and drink consumption, including alcohol, is larger than energy needs of the body’s metabolism over a prolonged period, resulting in the build up of excess body fat. The percentage of body fat in women is higher than that of men it is about 25-30% in women and 15-20% in men.