Extensive literature review was carried by retrieving articles from various databases like Pub med, Google scholar, Science direct, Scopus and Archives of Medicine. Relevant articles were retrieved from different databases by using text words and phrases like ‘Diabetes Mellitus’, ‘Management’, ‘risk factors’, ‘prevalence of Diabetes’, ‘telemedicine’, ‘e- health’. Types of studies were descriptive studies, systematic reviews and various reports.
Diabetes Mellitus is one of the chronic diseases which can affect almost all age groups worldwide. Approximately 150 million people have diabetes mellitus worldwide, and this number may well double by the year 2025. Prevalence of this disease seems to be increasing and among all the diabetic cases in the world more than 90% are type 2 DM. Type 2 DM cannot be cured permanently however various methods are available worldwide to manage this disease.